Brief explanation about cargo securing, and the common variants for the implementation of load securing:
Cargo securing means the securing of cargo (cargo) in road, rail, air and ship traffic against the occurring transport physical forces of movement and applies the transportation safety. These forces occur, for example in road transport when accelerating backwards when braking in driving direction (inertial mass), when driving through curves the vertical sides (vs. centrifugal force. centripetal force) and on uneven roads (gravitation).
Terrible or misplaced and missing cargo securing often leads to a charge transfer.
1.1 Types of cargo securing It differs fundamentally two different types of cargo securing: the positive load securing and force-fit load-securing. Both charge backup types can be combined
1.2 Positive load securing When positive load securing is the charge secured either by flush, seamless loading, or by means of oblique or diagonal lashing and head or Buchtlaschung. A sole charge fuse form fit readily lashing is only permitted when the vehicle body has a corresponding stability to accommodate the auftretendenKräfte.
According to VDI 2700 80% of the load weight must be secured to the front. Here, the front wall of the vehicle body is of particular importance, but also the side walls of the structure must not be disregarded in the positive load securing. A simple sliding tarpaulin without additional stable board walls, as in the so-called tautliners or Curtainsider usual, this is not enough.
1.3 Frictional load securing the frictional load security is guaranteed by lashing. Here, the charge is compressed, for example by lashing the cargo area, thereby increasing the frictional force, which ultimately prevents slippage of the cargo. This effect is reinforced by the use of friction-documentation (“mats”), which are placed under the charge. Of crucial importance here is the coefficient of sliding friction. When using friction-these documents must protrude laterally under the charge and clearly visible and thus be verifiable. If this is not the case with checks by the traffic authorities, it is assumed that there are no documents under the charge are, what, if anything, the prohibition of further driving up to an arranged Supplemental Collateral may result.